Moharram Mourning Ceremony

Iran Travel Agency

2016/08/27

Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year. Since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar.


The word "Muharram" means "Forbidden" and is derived from the word harām , meaning "sinful". It is held to be the second holiest month, following Ramadan. Some Muslims fast during these days. The tenth day of Muharram is the Day of Ashura, which to Shia Muslims is part of the Mourning of Muharram.

334806_Iran-Muharram

Sunni Muslims fast during this day, because it is recorded in the hadith that Musa (Moses) and his people obtained a victory over the Egyptian Pharaoh on the 10th day of Muharram; accordingly Muhammad asked Muslims to pray on this day that is Ashura and on a day before that is 9th (called Tasu'a). Shia Muslims during Muharram do different things. They observe and respect Muharram as the month that killed Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad and son of Ali, in battle of Karbala. They mourn for Hussein ibn Ali and refrain from all joyous events.

download (2)

Unlike Sunni Muslims, Shiite do not fast in this month especially on the 9th and 10th days of Muharram. In addition there is a very important Ziyarat book which is called "Ziyarat Ashura" about Hussein ibn Ali. In Shia religion it's very popular to read this ziyarat in the "Day of Ashura". Although most of the Shias try to read Ziyarat Ashura every day and they send salutations toHusayn ibn Ali. Hussain ibn Ali was the grandson of Mohammed, and was killed on the land of Karbala ordered by the caliph Yazid ibn Muawiah. Muharram is a month of remembrance and modern Shia meditation that is often considered synonymous with Ashura. Ashura, which literally means the "Tenth" in Arabic, refers to the tenth day of Muharram. It is well-known because of historical significance and mourning for the murder of Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad.

b583e1f5eaedba84ef92e11858208831

Shiite begin mourning from the first night of Muharram and continue for ten nights, climaxing on the 10th of Muharram, known as the Day of Ashura. The last few days up until and including the Day of Ashura are the most important because these were the days in which Imam Hussein and his family and followers (including women, children and elderly people) were deprived of water from the 7th onward and on the 10th, Imam Hussain and 72 of his followers were killed by the army of Yazid I at the Battle of Karbala on Yazid's orders. The surviving members of Imam Hussein's family and those of his followers were taken captive, marched to Damascus, and imprisoned there.

Iran.Muharram  Martyrdom of Imam Husayn1

With the sighting of the new moon the Islamic New Year is ushered in. The first month, Muharram is one of the four sacred months that Allah has mentioned in the Quran.[:es]Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. It is one of the four sacred months of the year. Since the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, Muharram moves from year to year when compared with the Gregorian calendar. The word "Muharram" means "Forbidden" and is derived from the word harām , meaning "sinful". It is held to be the second holiest month, following Ramadan. Some Muslims fast during these days. The tenth day of Muharram is the Day of Ashura, which to Shia Muslims is part of the Mourning of Muharram.

334806_Iran-Muharram

Sunni Muslims fast during this day, because it is recorded in the hadith that Musa (Moses) and his people obtained a victory over the Egyptian Pharaoh on the 10th day of Muharram; accordingly Muhammad asked Muslims to pray on this day that is Ashura and on a day before that is 9th (called Tasu'a). Shia Muslims during Muharram do different things. They observe and respect Muharram as the month that killed Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad and son of Ali, in battle of Karbala. They mourn for Hussein ibn Ali and refrain from all joyous events.

download (2)

Unlike Sunni Muslims, Shiite do not fast in this month especially on the 9th and 10th days of Muharram. In addition there is a very important Ziyarat book which is called "Ziyarat Ashura" about Hussein ibn Ali. In Shia religion it's very popular to read this ziyarat in the "Day of Ashura". Although most of the Shias try to read Ziyarat Ashura every day and they send salutations toHusayn ibn Ali. Hussain ibn Ali was the grandson of Mohammed, and was killed on the land of Karbala ordered by the caliph Yazid ibn Muawiah. Muharram is a month of remembrance and modern Shia meditation that is often considered synonymous with Ashura. Ashura, which literally means the "Tenth" in Arabic, refers to the tenth day of Muharram. It is well-known because of historical significance and mourning for the murder of Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad.

b583e1f5eaedba84ef92e11858208831

Shia begin mourning from the first night of Muharram and continue for ten nights, climaxing on the 10th of Muharram, known as the Day of Ashura. The last few days up until and including the Day of Ashura are the most important because these were the days in which Imam Hussein and his family and followers (including women, children and elderly people) were deprived of water from the 7th onward and on the 10th, Imam Hussain and 72 of his followers were killed by the army of Yazid I at the Battle of Karbala on Yazid's orders. The surviving members of Imam Hussein's family and those of his followers were taken captive, marched to Damascus, and imprisoned there.

Iran.Muharram Martyrdom of Imam Husayn1

With the sighting of the new moon the Islamic New Year is ushered in. The first month, Muharram is one of the four sacred months that Allah has mentioned in the Quran.

*This tour is only possible during the first 10 days of Muharram month each year. Day 1: Arrival in Tehran, meet and greet at the airport & transfer to hotel. Have lunch in an exquisite traditional Iranian restaurant, and visit Milad tower in night.Stay overnight at Tehran. Day 2: In the morning: Sa’ad Abad Complex,Lunch in Darband touristic area . Transfer to airport. Fly to Shiraz. Overnight in Shiraz. Day 3: Full day visit of Shiraz include Zinat ol Mulk historival house, Qavam garden NAsir al Mulk musque . Lunch in traditional garden restaurant. Visit Shahpuri garden in the afternoon. Visit Shah cheragh holy shrine the most holy place in Iran after Imam Reza holy shrine and visit the groups of Muharram mourners there. Day 4 Full day visit of Shiraz include the tomb of Hafez and Sadi ( two great iranian poets) Afif Abad garden and Eram garden. Visit the Mourning ceremony of southern poeple in Shiraz in the late night.Stay overnight. Day 5 Drive to Yazd in the rout, visit Persepolice and pasargade the site of iranian great empire . Arrive at Yazd. Stay overnight.

Other post

Iran Rosewater Celebration

During first May to first June there is a great celebration in Isfahan province which attracts about a million passengers per year. In this celebration, the villagers get perfume out of rose.